In the future more people are going to use mobile phones than computers, rather they are just starting, and this is the reason that you are here. Many people prefer their mobile phones daily for online activities such as their email, chat messages, online shopping etc. By considering this, many bloggers have to secure their position for the future, they should enable a mobile-friendly responsive template or smartphone website template for their Website and blog.
How did the launch of Responsive Web Design?
As well as increasing the number of smartphones and mobile devices, a problem arose that web designers could not accurately show a fixed-width website on different size screens.
In order to tackle this problem, web designers took a path that created separate sites for desktop and mobile devices.
But this path was not so easy, creating different versions for every screen size and resolutions was an impossible task.
If different versions of a website were created, its maintenance cost would also increase and different jobs for SEO and SEO ranking would have to be done separately.
Finally, in 2010, to solve all these problems, a web designer Ethan Marcotte found a new way of designing a website that he named Responsive Web Design (RWD).
What is Responsive Web Design?
Responsive web design is a process in which the website is designed in such a way that it adjusts its layout according to the screen size and orientation, from desktop, laptop, tablet to mobile devices with small screens.
Why Important Responsive Web Design?
According to the survey done by StatCounter.com in the G20 countries, the highest (about 80%) people in India use mobile devices to access the internet.
With this figure, you can understand that if you do not use a mobile-friendly website in today’s time, you will not be able to access your website up to 80% of the people.
Benefits of Responsive Website:
Mobile traffic will increase: If your website is responsive, then it will be like mobile visitors and this will increase the traffic of the website.
Website loading speed will increase: If you have optimized your website for mobile and tablets, it will not take much time for web pages to open and the site will improve.
It’s easy to manage: If you create separate sites for desktop and mobile, then obviously promoting two separate sites will not be easy to promote. But if your website is responsive then you will get a job from a single site.
Google also recommends: RWD likes Google because the URL of the responsive website is the same for all devices so that Google has the ability to index and understand it to crawl it.
3 Major Elements of Responsive Web Design
The size of elements of most websites is set in the pixel which is fixed, but instead of setting the height and width of the website layout in a pixel, we use percentage, according to the fluid grid.
The size of the fluid layout is defined in the percentages so that it can resize its height-width according to any screen size.
Creating fluid layouts just does not work as long as all the components of the page are not flexible, they will not be able to render properly on the browser.
We also need to make images flexible so that they can be adjusted on almost all screen sizes.
In order to create a flexible image, we have to define its size in CSS from percentage, for which max-width, max-height property must be used.
CSS Media queries are very great features through which we can display different layout in different ways like screen, print, handheld etc. on different media types.
You can customize website layout according to individual screen resolution and orientation using media queries.
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